Desco, the center for studying and promoting development, has been one of our partners in Peru since 2008. The association is getting together in order to reinforce the economy of disadvantaged sectors of the country. It has been doing it for 47 years. It is the leading institution of Peruvian society that is present all over the country.
78% of farmers from Andean zone live in poverty.
This project takes place in Arequipa province, situated between 3’800 and 6’000 meters in altitude. At this height the production of camelide (lamas and Alpaca) is the only activity that generates revenue for the population, which is due to extreme geographical conditions.
Camelide farming allows producing wool and meat, but these two goods are not lucrative enough. In fact, the prices for meat are fixed at a very low rate by market prices; wool is of bad quality and cannot pretend to be sold for more.
Cattle life conditions are poor. Due to climate imbalance pastures dwindle and there is more and more of heavy grazing, which leads to shortcomings and immune weakening.
Lama and Alpaca product marketing is poorly developed. Access to the market is difficult, which keeps farmers in significant poverty conditions.
Improve production quality
The objective is to develop the production capacities of the farming population through sustainable and affordable means.
The actions are aiming mostly the improvement of cattle. In order to insure a living environment to cattle, construction is being arranged to protect pastureland. Simple hydraulic arrangements (recovering rain water, building irrigation channels) let irrigate pastureland and improve grass quality.
Wool quality becomes better thanks to the controlled reproduction and to the introduction of methods of traditional selection in breeding. Wool storage centers are put in place, training is provided for the population to diversify its products manufactured from wool: carpets, clothes…
Enhance women’s role
Acknowledging women’s role is also a priority. Besides household tasks they also take care of cattle farming. They look after cattle, control reproduction and they know their animals very well. As soon as the wool is recovered, women sort fiber according to its quality in order to get better prices.
What is more, there will be actions taken to inform and train women to live a healthier way of life regarding health and hygiene, while keeping their cultural habits and values. Waste sorting and good healthy habits will be part of family life.