The Research Group Action for Social and Economic Development (GRADSE) has collaborated with GeTM since 2001. This association provides technical, material and financial support to the farmers’ associations in the central region of Kara. The goal of the project is to consolidate truck farming through improving the productivity and production quality.
Truck farming culture is necessary
Farmers do their work to nourish their families in the first place, and when production is sufficient they practice agriculture to resell a part of the harvest on local markets. In order to avoid exhausting soil, farmers alternate slash-and-burn farming (clearing by fire) with long periods of fallow land. This practice does not allow having a sufficient production for the population, which is growing more and more.
In order to increase production and diversify the sources of income, farmers are looking for other fields of activity.
For several years, truck farming has imposed itself as an excellent alternative. In fact, crops once limited to the periods of rain (6 months) can now exist the whole year. Therefore, on the same piece of land they alternate crops according to the season, which contributes to increasing farmers’ revenues.
However, production problems remain; for example the access to seeds is difficult, chemical fertilizer is either insufficient or expensive. On the other hand, truck farming products are extremely perishable and losses are significant. Facing this risk, producers are forced to sell off their products to avoid complete losses. Therefore, traders are in a position of strength to impose their prices.
Reinforce the channel
The activities held have the objective to develop truck farming channels through different actions regarding production and commercialization.
As far as the production is concerned, it is a question of consolidating mangos and vegetables production through brining institutional and organizational support. Recycling workshops are offered to producers in order to insure better product quality management before and after the harvest.
As far as the commercialization is concerned, the construction of a processing plant will allow better product disposal. Tomatoes and mangoes will be dried to be sold and consumed all year round. In the parallel, traineeship will be put in place to transform the products.